Dale Townshend (University of Stirling) will be presenting his paper, ‘Horace Walpole’s Enchanted Castles’, at 5.30pm on Tuesday, 16 February 2016. The talk will take place in the Cardiff University’s John Percival Building, Room 4.43, and will be followed by a wine reception.
Ever since Horace Walpole in the second edition of The Castle of Otranto (1765) disclosed his authorship of his ‘Gothic Story’, it has been assumed that the ‘real’ and ‘particular’ castle to which he, in his guise as the ‘translator’ William Marshal, referred in the Preface to the first edition of the novel was Strawberry Hill, the ‘little Gothic castle’ in Twickenham that he had set about ‘Gothicizing’ since the late 1740s. As I seek to demonstrate in this paper, however, this is really only half of the story, for while the castle at Otranto certainly, as Walpole would later phrase it, ‘puts one in mind’ of Strawberry Hill, it also looks to the architectural formations of ‘ancient’ or ‘Gothic’ romance for its structure, its effects, and even its eventual disappearance. More specifically, I argue, Manfred’s castle at Otranto is, in a number of respects, a reworking of the trope of the enchanted castle that featured so prominently in the epic romances of Torquato Tasso, Ludovico Ariosto, Edmund Spenser, and others. And if The Castle of Otranto is, indeed, closely linked to Strawberry Hill, I argue that this is not simply because Walpole ‘writes’ his home into his novel, but because both fiction and house looked to the architectural structures of medieval romance as their ultimate point of inspiration. Having explored the trope of the enchanted castle as it figures in The Castle of Otranto and Walpole’s correspondence around Strawberry Hill, I conclude by tracing its uptake in the later Gothic dramas and fictions of Miles Peter Andrews, Clara Reeve, Anna Laetitia Aikin and Ann Radcliffe.
About the speaker
Dale Townshend is Senior Lecturer in Gothic and Romantic Literature at the University of Stirling, Scotland. He has published widely within the field of Gothic studies, including the monograph The Orders of Gothic: Foucault, Lacan, and the Subject of Gothic Writing, 1764–1820 (2007); Gothic Shakespeares (with John Drakakis, 2008); The Gothic World (with Glennis Byron, 2014); Ann Radcliffe, Romanticism and the Gothic (2014) and Romantic Gothic: An Edinburgh Companion (2015), both with Angela Wright; and Terror and Wonder: The Gothic Imagination (British Library, 2014). The latter arises out of his involvement, as academic advisor, on the major exhibition of that name at the British Library (Oct 2014-Jan 2015). Forthcoming publications include Writing Britain’s Ruins, 1700–1850 (with Michael Carter and Peter Lindfield; contracted to British Library Publishing, forthcoming 2017). The recipient of an AHRC Leadership Fellowship, he is currently completing a book entitled Gothic Antiquity: History, Romance, and the Architectural Imagination, 1760–1840.